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Lithuania Military


The Lithuanian Armed Forces consist of the Lithuanian Land Force, Lithuanian Air Force, Lithuanian Naval Force, Training Command and Logistics Command. Directly subordinated to the Chief of Defence are the Special Operations Forces and Military Police. The Reserve Forces are under command of the Lithuanian National Defence Volunteer Forces.

To ensure that Lithuanian Armed Forces are ready to act in the modern security environment, meet its high requirements and implement its tasks, a review of structure is carried out. Structural overview is a complex and long process, encompassing the reorganisation, merging, or dissolution of military units, personnel downsizing, and disbandment of unnecessary military infrastructure. This process is crucial in order to maintain and improve the effectiveness of the national defence system. In carrying out the defence reform, the emphasis and priorities of defence planning have shifted from large military units designed for territorial defence to the development of capabilities necessary for the collective defence of the NATO Alliance and Lithuania.

According to this principle, Lithuania has abandoned plans for building up Land Forces consisting of three infantry brigades prepared for territorial defence. In 2003, after abandoning the doctrine of territorial defence, the Eastern Military District was disbanded, and in 2004, the Western Military District was disbanded. Two infantry battalions were reorganised into logistic battalions. The Grand Duke Kęstutis Motorised Infantry Battalion was moved to the Iron Wolf Mechanised Infantry Brigade. The First and Second Air Force Bases were merged into one Air Force Base in Šiauliai. Upon the completion of these reforms, Lithuania will be able to field armed forces that will be able to react more rapidly, be more mobile, easier to deploy, better equipped, and better trained to be able to contribute to any kind of NATO-led or other operation inside or outside the country.

Lithuanian soldiers take part in international operations since 1994. Currently there are about 300 soldiers sent to international operations and missions in Afghanistan, Iraq, Kosovo, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Georgia. Lithuanian officers work in NATO and the EU staffs.

Since the summer of 2005 Lithuania has been part of the International Security Assistance Force in Afghanistan (ISAF), leading a Provincial Reconstruction Team (PRT) in the town of Chaghcharan in the province of Ghor. The PRT includes personnel from Denmark, Iceland and USA. There are also special operation forces units in Afghanistan. They are placed in Kandahar province.


Military branches :
Ground Forces, Naval Forces, Air Forces (Karines Oro Pajegos, KOP), National Defence Volunteer Forces (2009)

Military service age and obligation :
19-26 years of age for compulsory military service; 18 years of age for volunteers; 12-month conscript service obligation; male registration required at age 16 (2009)

Manpower available for military service :
males age 16-49: 915,187
females age 16-49: 906,097 (2008 est.)

Manpower fit for military service :
males age 16-49: 677,689
females age 16-49: 743,468 (2009 est.)

Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually :
male: 23,556
female: 22,404 (2009 est.)

Military expenditures :
1.2% of GDP (2007 est.)




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